Genomics sets the foundation for post-genomics activities, including new disciplines such as proteomics and metabolomics to generate knowledge on gene and protein structure, as well as their functions and interactions. He plans collaborating his agriculture, horticulture and farming knowledge into a subject of help to all those who wish grow crops, venture into farming or gardening. Biotechnology can be a boon to Indian agriculture in several ways. Published under the authority of the GreenFacts Scientific Board. The problem is exacerbated because banana is reproduced clonally; the use of diseased mother plants therefore gives rise to diseased offspring. The strategic integration of agricultural biotechnology tools into Indian agricultural systems can revolutionize Indian farming and usher in a new era in the countryside. Source & Â©: FAO "The State of Food and Agriculture 2003-2004" Chapter 2: What is agricultural biotechnology?Â Section Breeding and reproducing crops and trees. Genetically Modified Organisms – Biotechnology has both Genetically Modified and Non- Genetically Modified applications in agriculture. Genetically Modified crops help to reduce post-harvest losses. Plant biotechnology is uniquely very important in this regard because it is; Applications of Biotechnology in Agriculture mainly involves scientific techniques such as Genetically Modified Organisms, Bt Cotton, and Pest Resistant Plants. Key factors in the successful development of crop biotechnologies in developing countries have been: appropriate policy development, strengthened research and extension institutions, and enhanced capacities for researchers and technicians. It is environmentally friendly. Scientists are creating genetically altered foods that contain nutrients known to help fight disease or malnourishment, to improve human health, mainly in underdeveloped countries. For the selection criteria of major general importance in forest trees (in particular vigour, stem form and wood quality), poor correlations with field responses still limit the usefulness of in vitro selection. They are mainly effective and relevant for a country like India that suffers from water scarcity and drought every year. many trees), speeding up plant breeding and providing abundant plant material for research. Molecular markers have been widely used for identifying genotypes and for âgenetic fingerprintingâ of organisms. Source & Â©: FAO "The State of Food and Agriculture 2003-2004" Chapter 2: What is agricultural biotechnology?Â Section Understanding, characterizing and managing genetic resources, Subsection Marker-assisted breeding, Source & Â©: FAO "The State of Food and Agriculture 2003-2004" Chapter 2: What is agricultural biotechnology?Â Section Understanding, characterizing and managing genetic resources, Box 6. It helps in modifying plants, animals, and microorganisms and improves their agricultural productivity. Plant products of biotechnology approved for food use have been modified to have traits such as; Biotechnology provides farmers with tools that can make production very cheaper and manageable. Using agriculture biotechnology techniques, one or two genes may be transferred into a crop to give a new trait to that crop. Agricultural biotechnology, just like any other technology, has social and economic impacts. The implications of climate change make it necessary to integrate considerations regarding adaptation, uncertainty, vulnerability and resilience into agricultural research strategies and programmes. In case if you are interested in this: How to Make Money from Organic Farming Business. Some crops, particularly monocot species such as wheat and rye, are not naturally susceptible to transformation via A. tumefasciens, although the method has recently been successfully used to transform wheat and other cereals.