Potemkin Stairs received its name after release of Sergei Eisenstein’s film – Battleship Potemkin. Potemkin Stairs - one of the most famous Odessa sights. The sequence begins with swift cuts of people from different classes in eager anticipation of the arrival of the Potemkin. His shot of the baby stroller falling down the steps has been given homage in so many films, for example, Brian De Palma’s The Untouchables (1987). But you can always use it if you do not want to go up yourself. Right after that, a sudden scene of a woman being shot in the face is shown, followed by a glimpse of a line of soldiers pushing through the crowd, killing everything in their way. And just as Armand is celebrated as the founding father of the city, Sergey Eisenstein by using the staircase for the eight and a half minute sequence in his film is now praised as the father of film montage and founder of modern cinema. [1][11][12] The staircase cost 800,000 rubles to build.[1]. It is the first monument erected in the city. [1][2], The steps were made famous in Sergei Eisenstein's 1925 silent film Battleship Potemkin. An Odessa wag has prophesied that the Duc de Richelieu, whose statue is at the top, will be the first person to go down it. All Rights Reserved. Such a tablet installed on the house in Lyon, where Lumiere brothers born, considered inventors of camera. [8][9][10] Due to the sightline, a person looking down the stairs sees only the treads, and the risers are invisible; whereas a person looking up sees only risers, and the treads are invisible. In 1803, Czar Alexander I appointed him as the governor of Odessa. [1], The original 200 stairs were designed in 1825 by Italian architect Francesco Boffo and St. Petersburg architects Avraam I. Melnikov and Pot'e. An English engineer named John Upton supervised the construction. Before the stairs were constructed, winding paths and crude wooden stairs were the only access to the harbor. Jaroslav Harechko, captain of team kvn, descended Potemkin Stairs on skis. [4][5][6][7] The top step is 12.5 meters (41 feet) wide, and the lowest step is 21.7 meters (70.8 feet) wide. In 1955, during the Soviet era, the Primorsky Stairs were renamed as Potemkin Stairs to honor the 50th anniversary of the mutiny on the Battleship Potemkin. Shot as a silent movie and symmetrically divided into five parts, the movie is a tribute to the Russian Revolution of 1905 and is now regarded as a masterpiece of international cinema. Potemkin Stairs are not just steps. Record time of this race is 22.8 seconds. Potemkin Stairs was created in 1842 year. At the dawn of 20th century, professional bicyclist and balloonist Sergei Utochkin descended this stairs first on a bicycle, then on a motorcycle, and then on a car. Every year on September 2, when Odessa celebrates its birthday, a run is made along Stairs. The 142-metre-long (155 yards) Potemkin Stairs in Odessa (1834-41) were made famous by Sergei Eisenstein in his movie The Battleship Potemkin (1925). It would be no small task to climb all those stairs. [1] Starting from Primorsky boulevard, the staircase descended directly to Black sea. Film Academy of Europe sets memorable signs in symbolic places for European cinema. [1][2], As erosion destroyed the stairs, in 1933 the sandstone was replaced by rose-grey granite from the Boh area, and the landings were covered with asphalt. Today, Potemkin Stairs serve as a descent to marina station and berths, where you can go for a walk to see Vorontsov lighthouse. This place visit all guests of our city, since it is a face of Odessa. Tsarist boots marching down the “Odessa Steps” from the movie “The Battleship Potemkin”. It is included in list of must-see places not only in our city, but in whole Ukraine. Read another story from us: Alice Guy-Blache: The story of the first female cinema pioneer and film director. Most Odessites still know and refer to the stairs by their Soviet name. © 2018 Odessa travel guide. Any traveler of 19th century, sailing to shore, was struck by monumentality of such parade ensemble of Odessa. The Roman-toga figure was designed by the Russian sculptor, Ivan Petrovich Martos (1754–1835). As a prominent French statesman, Armand-Emmanuel fled the French Revolution and served in Catherine’s army against the Turks, earning the rank of major general. [21], From the centre of the Boulevard, a staircase called the "escalier monstre" descends to the beach. Cheering and waving, it seems they are in full support of the mutiny. Participants at a speed rise on it from port to Duke. On a small island in Sweden, where famous director Ingmar Bergman spent a lot of time, and then was buried. The Filatov Institute of Eye Diseases & Tissue Therapy, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Potemkin_Stairs&oldid=976371495, Transport infrastructure completed in 1841, Articles containing Ukrainian-language text, Articles containing Russian-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 September 2020, at 15:40. Athlete dedicated his rise to a healthy lifestyle. Right at the top, anyone climbing the staircase is greeted by the Duke de Richelieu Monument, a statue in the Duke’s image, cast in bronze and built in 1828 to commemorate Armand-Emmanuel de Vignerot du Plessis, Duc de Richelieu, the first elected governor of Odessa. Odessa funicular is reminder that once our city introduced many technical innovations that appeared in the world. That movie, when baby carriage rolled down t… Sergey M. Eisenstein (January 23, 1898 – February 11, 1948). The statue was cast in bronze by Yefimov and unveiled in 1826. Its name Potemkin stairs received after movie of Sergei Eisenstein "Battleship Potemkin". [13] Many years ago young city accepted the challenge of this harsh terrain, and in spite of everything it was able to flourish and strengthen itself. A memorial tablet means that this Stairs is on the list of “treasures of European film culture”. So in subsequent times Potemkin Stairs become a place of this kind of challenge, which people accept. He is now remembered for conceptualizing the design and the infrastructure of the city and is considered to be the founding father of Odessa. Potemkin Stairs also symbol of challenge. During Odessa Film Festival, steps of this stairs become a kind of amphitheater for spectators. Therefore, in some ways the funicular is here for beauty. In the Odessa Steps sequence a crowd of friendly citizens has gathered on the steps leading down to the port of Odessa to celebrate the victory of the mutinous sailors over the Czarist officers on the battleship Potemkin, which is now waving the red flag of revolution offshore. It is told in such a manner that seemingly random images, conceivably independent of the “main” narrative, are shown out of order so they have the maximum psychological impact in the viewer. Upton had fled Britain while on bail for forgery. In Moscow, such a sign is open in a special office, where Sergei Eisenstein worked. After 73 years of operation (with breaks caused by revolution and war), the funicular was replaced by an escalator in 1970. So these locations need to be saved for future generations. Seeing it, don't you involuntarily wonder why such an idea is not oftener carried out? In 1837, the decision was made to build a "monstrous staircase", which was constructed between 1837 and 1841. Executed with great success, “The Odessa Steps” is, without question, the scene that propelled Eisenstein and “Battleship Potemkin” to fame and both hold a special place in movie history to this day. Potemkin Stairs received its name after release of Sergei Eisenstein’s film – Battleship Potemkin. [20], One of the great sights of Odessa is the staircase street that extends from the harbor shore to the end of the fine boulevard at the top of the hill. This place visit all guests of our city, since it is a face of Odessa. Before the stairs were constructed, winding paths and crude wooden stairs were the only access to the harbor. After this event, Soviet government decided to give it a name in honor of first Russian revolution.