[87] Tamil, Kannada and Odia are spoken in border-areas. [78][79] The Amaravati seed capital road is an arterial road under construction to access the core capital area from National Highway 16. Kolleru Lake, northeastern Andhra Pradesh, India. Andhra Pradesh is investing in building infrastructure in the state such as highways and making every service of the government digital. Thus Naidu held the record for the longest-serving chief minister (1995 to 2004).[108]. The forests consist of both moist deciduous and dry savanna vegetation; teak, rosewood, wild fruit trees, and bamboo are plentiful. [54][55][56] Efforts are in progress to classify Kondaveedu Fort as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is the seventh-largest state by area covering an area of 162,975 km 2 (62,925 sq mi) and tenth-most populous state with 49,386,799 inhabitants. The city's infrastructure was to be developed in 7–8 years in phases, at an estimated cost of ₹33,000 crore. [66] In 1347 CE, an independent Muslim state, the Bahmani Sultanate, was established in south India by Ala-ud-Din Bahman Shah in a revolt against the Delhi Sultanate. [203][204], Research institutes have been set up by the central state government. The city is planned to spread over 217 km2 area with a total cost of ₹ 553.43 billions to the Capital Region Development Authority (CRDA) out of which state government contribution is only ₹ 126 billion (equity ₹ 66.29 billion and supporting grant ₹ 59.71 billion) spread over a period of 8 years from April 2018 to March 2026 (₹ 5 billion in 2018–19, ₹ 18 billion per year for later six years and ₹ 13 billion in 2025–26). [200] As per the University Grants Commission, [202] Andhra University is the oldest of the universities in the state, established in 1926. [181], As on date the Railways lines in Andhra Pradesh are under the following Railway zones/Divisions, Visakhapatnam Airport, is the only airport in the state with operating international flights while Vijayawada Airport at Gannavaram has launched an international flight to Singapore, recently. Four important rivers of India, the Godavari, Krishna, Penna, and Thungabhadra flow through the state and provide irrigation. The IT/ITES revenues of Visakhapatnam is at ₹14.45 billion (US$200 million) in 2012–2013. The Nizams retained control of the interior provinces as the princely state of Hyderabad, acknowledging British rule in return for local autonomy. It was briefly occupied by Hyder Ali. Discovery of a large quantity of natural gas in KG Basin is expected to provide rapid economic growth. Many other ancient Amaravati Buddhist Marbles and Buddhist relics from the region were unfortunately destroyed over the time and some of them were exported to Chennai Museum and British Museum during the British rule which can be seen there today. According to the 2011 census, the major religious groups in the state are Hindus (90.87%), Muslims (7.32%) and Christians (1.38%). GITAM, K L University and Vignan University are the Deemed Universities in the state. It was part of Madras Presidency during the British colonial period. Later the Nizam rulers of Hyderabad ceded five territories to the British that eventually became the Rayalaseema region. The deltas formed by the most important of those rivers—the Godavari and the Krishna—make up the central part of the plains, an area of fertile alluvial soil. After Telangana became a separate state, Naidu, the chief of the TDP became chief minister on 8 June 2014, for the new state of Andhra Pradesh. In the 2019 elections, YSR's son Y. S. Jaganmohan Reddy of the YSR Congress Party (founded in 2011) became chief minister with a resounding mandate by winning 151 out of 175 seats. [39][40] The Amaravati project has substantially slowed with no deadline in sight. The state government owned Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation (APSRTC) is the major public bus transport, which runs thousands of buses connecting different parts of the state.