Drawing particularly on the thought of Karl Marx and Sigmund Freud, critical theorists maintain that a primary goal of philosophy is to understand and to help overcome the social structures through which people are dominated and oppressed. These movements [Critical Theory movements upon which Critical Race Theory is based] initially advocated for a type of liberal humanism (individualism, freedom, and peace) but quickly turned to a rejection of liberal humanism. 9.5 CRITICAL THEORY AND EDUCATION. Their work is a critical response to the works of Marx, Kant, Hegel and Weber. Critical theory, Marxist-inspired movement in social and political philosophy originally associated with the work of the Frankfurt School. Critical theory and contemporary paradigm differentiation 64 has two characteristics. Characteristics of Critical Legal theory Certain critical themes of CLS have nevertheless emerged that characteriseS Critical Legal Studies. Critical Theory is a theoretical tradition developed most notably by Horkeimer, Adorno, Marcuse at the Frankfort School. Historical ontology - assumes that there is a 'reality' that is apprehendable. Marxism is one of the earliest origins of critical theory. Though relatively few educators--including educational technologists--appear to concern themselves directly with critical theory (McLaren, 1994a), a number of influential educators are pursuing the theory in one or more of its current manifestations. Critical theory was used as a camou#age term when the Frankfurt theorists were in exile from the Nazis in the United States, where they were concerned about being exposed as communist and Marxian thinkers and therefore took care in the categories they employed. The first is that the monopoly power of capital may increasingly be disrupted by increasingly powerful relationships between expert tacit knowledge and firms’ performance in the individual and … In addition, postmodernism, feminism, and postcolonialism have greatly influenced how critical theories have grown and expanded to challenge a greater number of social power structures. Critical theory is a school of thought which challenges dominant ways of exploring and explaining organizational phenomenon.