Set of animal species in any particular region and time, Simplified schematic of an island's fauna – all its animal species, highlighted in boxes, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Wikisource:1911 Encyclopædia Britannica/Linnaeus, "Biodiversity of Collembola and their functional role in the ecosystem",, Articles needing additional references from April 2012, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 5 November 2020, at 02:52. Fauna is an old Roman Goddess of Prophecy and Fruitfulness, with ties to the forest and fields and the animals found there. A sea nymph whose name represented the bounty of the sea. Mesofauna are macroscopic soil animals such as arthropods or nematodes. In general, infaunal animals become progressively smaller and less abundant with increasing water depth and distance from shore, whereas bacteria show more constancy in abundance, tending toward one million cells per milliliter of interstitial seawater. Flora – goddess of flowers and Spring. Theoretically, Xenofauna are alien organisms that can be described as animal analogues. The study of animals of a particular region is called faunistics. Greek counterpart to Flora was Chloris. Juno – goddess of marriage. They feature commonly in polytheistic religions, and may include characteristics of the mother goddess, Mother Nature or Master of Animals. Artemis, in Greek religion, the goddess of wild animals, the hunt, and vegetation and of chastity and childbirth; she was identified by the Romans with Diana.Artemis was the daughter of Zeus and Leto and the twin sister of Apollo.Among the rural populace, Artemis was the favourite goddess. Fauna is also the word for a book that catalogues the animals in such a manner. The corresponding term for plants is flora. Infauna are benthic organisms that live within the bottom substratum of a water body, especially within the bottom-most oceanic sediments, the layer of small particles at the bottom of a body of water, rather than on its surface. Whether an organism passes through a 1 mm mesh also depends upon whether it is alive or dead at the time of sorting. Her true name is sometimes said to be Fauna, which means "She Who Wishes Well. Fauna is all of the animal life present in a particular region or time. Fauna comes from the name Fauna, a Roman goddess of earth and fertility, the Roman god Faunus, and the related forest spirits called Fauns. ... Faunus and Fauna were the Roman woodland god and goddess for whom animals were a particular concern. She Herself called all the wild animals “her cattle.” size, larger than microfauna but smaller than macrofauna, rather than a taxonomic grouping. Demeter. the "Sonoran Desert fauna" or the "Burgess Shale fauna". Of course Fauna wasn't worried about her own PERSONAL safety she was a Goddess for crying out loud! Fauna is also the word for a book that catalogues the animals in such a manner. Also known as Fatua. In particular deer and cattle are Her sacred animals, both of whom she milks. Estë. Paleontologists sometimes refer to a sequence of faunal stages, which is a series of rocks all containing similar fossils. The deepest burrowers are the ghost shrimps (Thalassinidea), which go as deep as 3 metres (10 ft) into the sediment at the bottom of the ocean.[4]. All three words are cognates of the name of the Greek god Pan, and panis is the Greek equivalent of fauna. The Bona Dea is a very ancient and holy Roman Goddess of women and healing, Who was worshipped exclusively by women. Jupiter – ruler of the gods; god of the sky and rain. The term was first used by Carl Linnaeus from Sweden in the title of his 1745 work Fauna Suecica. Faunus was the Roman equivalent of the Greek god Pan, and like Pan, he had goats' legs. Cryofauna refers to the animals that live in, or very close to, cold areas. Fauna is a Roman rustic goddess said in differing ancient sources to be the wife, sister, or daughter of Faunus (the Roman counterpart of Pan). Zoologists and paleontologists use fauna to refer to a typical collection of animals found in a specific time or place, e.g. We have sent our Data Dwarves off to find more nuggets of information. Mesofauna are extremely diverse; considering just the springtails (Collembola), as of 1998, approximately 6,500 species had been identified.[6]. For example, Australian megafauna. Goddess of agriculture, fertility, sacred law and the harvest. The term meiofauna loosely defines a group of organisms by their Her Greek counterpart was Chloris. Studies in the deep sea define macrofauna as animals retained on a 0.3 mm sieve to account for the small size of many of the taxa. Goddess of all the Flora and Fauna. Other terms include avifauna, which means "bird fauna" and piscifauna (or ichthyofauna), which means "fish fauna". The term nature deity typically refers to the concept of gods or goddesses in mythology associated with various perceived "forces of nature". Fortuna – goddess of fortune. Eileithyia. As Lady of the Forest she protects wild fauna and flora. One environment for meiofauna is between grains of damp sand (see Mystacocarida). This goddess, whose name means "dew", is the daughter of greek Zeus and moon-goddess Selena. Adherents may literally consider such deities to be divine beings that control particular natural phenomena. Fauna was the goddess of animals and together they represented nature in general, the animal and the plant world. The Greek goddess of caverns, mountains, nature and wild animals. Flora (Latin: Flōra) is a Roman goddess of flowers and of the season of spring – a symbol for nature and flowers (especially the may-flower). Also the name Flora was derived from the term that was used to mark certain vegetation in a certain region or part of the planet. As of the current day, no alien life forms, animal or otherwise, are known to exist. GodNote: Sorry this Fauna article is a bit short. In practice these are metazoan animals that can pass unharmed through a 0.5 1 mm mesh but will be retained by a 30–45 μm mesh,[5] but the exact dimensions will vary from researcher to researcher. Microfauna are microscopic or very small animals (usually including protozoans and very small animals such as rotifers). FAUNA Roman Nature Goddess. Fauna Facts and Figures. How to use fauna in a sentence. Mercury – god of commerce and finance; messenger of the gods. She is considered a woodland Goddess by modern Celtic pagans. Mars – god of war. Fauna – goddess of animals. Megafauna are large animals of any particular region or time. Felicitas. Varro regarded her as the female counterpart of Faunus, and said that the fauni all had prophetic powers. Flora was the twin sister to Fauna, the goddess of animals and wildlife and was originally was called Sabine. While she was otherwise a relatively minor figure in Roman mythology, being one among several fertility goddesses, her association with the spring gave her particular importance at the coming of springtime, as did her role as goddess of youth. [3] Today, a variety of organisms live in and disturb the sediment. But in mythology she is equally connected to both wild and domestic animals. They made burrows in the sediment as protection and may also have fed upon detritus or the mat of microbes which tended to grow on the surface of the sediment. Janus – god of beginnings and endings. Goddess of childbirth, referred to by Homer as “the goddess … Cryptofauna are the fauna that exist in protected or concealed microhabitats.[2]. The term was first used by Carl Linnaeus from Sweden in the title of his 1745[1] work Fauna Suecica. Flora, fauna and other forms of life such as fungi are collectively referred to as biota. All three words are cognates of the name of the Greek god Pan, and panis is the Greek equivalent of fauna. Mother of the Nereids. Bacteria and microalgae may also live in the interstices of bottom sediments. Tolkien created the character of Estë as the bringer of peace and giver of rest. Epifauna, also called epibenthos, are aquatic animals that live on the bottom substratum as opposed to within it, that is, the benthic fauna that live on top of the sediment surface at the seafloor. This roman goddess was the personification of good luck. Wife of Faunus and mother of Latinus. Updates coming soon. Despite this, the idea of alien life remains a popular subject of interest in the fields of astronomy, astrobiology, biochemistry, evolutionary biology, science fiction, and philosophy. She is closely related to the God Faunus; She is variously His wife, sister, or daughter. Such creatures are found in the fossil record and include lingulata, trilobites and worms. Fauna, in ancient Roman religion, a goddess of the fertility of woodlands, fields, and flocks; she was the counterpart—variously considered the wife, sister, or daughter—of Faunus