Carrots are ridiculously accommodating. high, they can be transplanted to the garden a week or two before the last frost date. Pepper plants are tropical perennials. Use scissors to snip them off at the soil level, and you may get another spurt of growth. They will become your new BFF’s! "It is incredibly rewarding, and I love knowing that my family is eating homegrown, nutritionally dense, organic produce.". But that doesn’t mean pushing yourself past the point of it being enjoyable. Invest in a book or two on Indoor Gardening. When the roots have reached a couple of inches in length, move them to a shallow container of potting mix and let them continue growing. Choose a container that is two to four inches deep and fill it with dampened soil. Learn from the failures and keep going!". His advice: Consult your local garden center, know your climate zone, and read the seed packets. Here’s what you’ll need: Individual Plant Pots. My indoor pea seedlings kept growing anyways, forming vines around my grow light shelves, and eventually flowering and producing pea pods. Do not let a hard crust form over them; this prevents germination. They are not happy as little seedlings. And … Be patient as they begin to strengthen and gain height the next few weeks, a crucial phase before transplanting them into their summer homes. Temperature and Humidity for Growing Vegetables Indoors. Use a water-soluble organic fertilizer after repotting. If the seeds are particularly fine, you can sprinkle them on the surface and then lightly cover them with the fluffy soil. This is an awesome article that sets out in detail how to grow vegetables indoors under artificial lights. Keep the soil moist, and seeds should germinate within two weeks. If you have a large tomato plant, leave it there. At the same time, you improve the air quality around you—plants remove carbon dioxide and produce oxygen. These garlic tops taste a lot like garlicky scallions. If you want to know what the best vegetable to grow in winter is and how to start an indoor vegetable garden, then this article is for you! Cut off what you need and leave the rest. Allow the plants to grow at least four to six inches before you start harvesting. "The best thing is to add organic matter like a compost or fertilizer," says Hagerty. It’s late May, and you spin the wire display rack in search of beefsteak tomato seeds. Plant Choices | Recommended Books | Supplies | Getting Started I had no idea you could grow vegetables indoors in your home until one year when spring was late. Which Seeds Should You Start Indoors? Jasmine Jefferson founded Black Girls With Gardens and Black Men With Gardens to represent, educate, and inspire people of color in the gardening world, and is soon launching a coach program. It is important to consider how each type of vegetable grows. There is simply something special about seeing a plant grow from a tiny seed, all the way to putting fresh vegetables on your dinner table. Some seeds grow best when directly sown outdoors. We’ll walk you through that scenario using the trusty tomato. Some vegetables, like Tomatoes, Eggplants, and Peppers require a long growing season. That’s going to suffocate the roots and slow down their growth rate. "A lot of gardening starts even before you get soil or a tray," says Hagerty, whose instructional gardening videos cover everything from soil tests to irrigation systems. Starting vegetable seeds indoors is one of the most rewarding things a gardener can do. They may sprout again, but the quality declines, so start new cloves when you begin harvesting the current crop. It will take two weeks for seedlings to sprout, and then another few weeks before they reach the right height to be transplanted into the ground. Days to maturity will depend on the variety you are growing. Large varieties of tomatoes have a lengthy time to mature. It’s best to start plant life the way they’ll go on. Start harvesting when they grow to 8 to 10 inches long. You don’t want to overcrowd containers, so make sure to research proper spacing. Celery. Forget the compost. Microgreens are tiny, fresh sprouts that are probably the most effortless edibles to grow indoors. Forget the containers. Hot peppers will need at least 10 hours of light each day. Winter days are shorter, and the sun is too low in the sky. "The challenge for me as a gardener is that there are so many different answers to everything," says Hagerty. Temperatures that are too hot result in small plants, while temperatures that are too cold result in yellow leaves that fall off. "Whatever you plant, start small," she says. Next Steps. During this phase, it’s more waiting and watering. "That is the number one thing. When you have the right grow lighting, anytime is a good time to start growing edibles indoors. With tomatoes, that’s always at least 15 to 18 inches apart. Indoors, in a grow tent, under artificial lighting. Lack of yard space doesn’t mean you can’t start a fresh vegetable garden. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board. Seeds can take anywhere between five and 21 days to germinate, and once that occurs, she advises to put them in a place where they will get direct sunlight at least six hours a day. Lettuce is quick growing and shallow-rooted, so it will not need a deep container. Do you want to grow vegetables during the cold season and start your own indoor winter garden? Mist to keep the seeds moist and you should see germination within about one week. It has to be a slow transition." Consider these suggestions for growing vegetables indoors: Marie Iannotti is an author, photographer, and speaker with 27 years of experience as a Cornell Cooperative Extension Horticulture Educator and Master Gardener, The Spruce uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. But, if you have the space, sunlight and equipment, you can start potting root vegetables in your home whenever you feel ready. You can’t grow bulb onions indoors, but scallions like garlic greens, do just fine. Starting your own seeds is not only less expensive than purchasing transplants, it also generally results in a more productive harvest season. You can root the whole scallion in a glass of water and plop the bunch of them in one glass with only about one inch of water in the bottom. Plant Choices Plants with edible stems and leaves are quick and easy to grow indoors. These varieties often take longer to harvest and require more soil. You can either jostle the plants to shake the pollen from one flower to another or use a cotton swab to dust each flower with pollen. Her company designs propagation planters for purchase, or you can access the tutorial and make them yourself. In fact, this step-by-step tutorial is the exact same approach we used to start … source. But it isn’t a swift maneuver. "Once ready to plant in the garden, you can’t take them from the windowsill at 68 degrees and suddenly plant them in a garden where it’s 80 degrees by day and 50 at night.