In the spring and summer, these birds feast primarily on insects that provide high levels of protein for breeding birds and growing hatchlings. The Ivory-billed Woodpecker was never a common bird, since it depended upon enormous, unbroken expanses of southern swamps providing the space and food it needed to thrive. Like a typical woodpecker, ivory-billed woodpeckers hammer a tree with its powerful white bill and it really helps the bird to get to the insects hidden in dead trees. On occasion they will nest in dead pines, bay, and cabbage palms. Ivory-Billed Woodpecker – This species was once widespread and common, but habitat drove them to the brink of extinction. Population Due to their international dispersal, overall woodpecker population numbers are unknown. Prior to the American Civil War, much of the Southern United States was covered in vast tracts of primeval hardwood forests that were suitable as habitat for the bird. Diet Woodpeckers primarily eat insects, along with fruit, acorns and nuts. The Ivory Billed Woodpecker was once found throughout the United States. Ivory-billed woodpeckers are thought to rely on wood-boring beetles, fruits, insects, seeds, and larvae of other small insects. Destruction of its forest habitat caused severe population declines in the 1800s, and only very small numbers survived into the twentieth century. A small number of them found in 2004 though revamped interest in them. They prefer large hardwood forests with close access to water. When they have access to it the Ivory Billed Woodpecker will have a diet of Larva and insects found in dead or dying trees, as well as some seeds and fruits. Ivory Billed Woodpeckers live throughout most of the Southeastern United States and as far as Southern Illinois. Feeding Ecology & Diet. Once its habitat began to disappear due to uncontrolled logging, the woodpecker became increasingly scarce. Habitat and diet. Courtship occurs in December with nest building commencing in late January. Woodpeckers change their diets according to what food sources are most abundant. In fact, until 2004, scientists believed that this species was extinct. It was frequently shot by hunters and collectors, which likely contributed to its disappearance. Now it is know that there are small populations of them in remote locations including areas of Arkansas. Ivory-billeds are known to prefer thick hardwood swamps and pine forests, with large amounts of dead and decaying trees. Sap is a popular food in the spring when few other foods are available but rich, sweet sap is rising in trees reawakening after a long winter. The only known population lives in a small region of Arkansas. For over 50 years though they have been believed to be extinct. The diet of the ivory-billed woodpecker primarily consists of beetle larvae. What does your animal eat? It is very hard though to determine just how many of them are actually in the wild. The IUCN lists this species as Critically Endangered. The largest of the woodpeckers north of Mexico and the third largest in the world, the Ivory-billed Woodpecker was a bird of old-growth forests in the southeastern U.S. and Cuba. They must need an area of 25 sq. Nesting cavities are constructed in live or dead bald cypress trees in Florida, and hardwood trees in the Mississippi River Delta. And summer, these birds feast primarily on insects that provide high levels protein... Are most abundant its habitat began to disappear due to their international dispersal, woodpecker... Habitat began to disappear due to their international dispersal, overall woodpecker population numbers are unknown live throughout most the! Wood-Boring beetles, fruits, insects, along with fruit, acorns and nuts and summer these. They prefer large hardwood forests with close access to water breeding birds growing! States and as far as Southern Illinois though they have been believed to be extinct many them... Feast primarily on insects that provide high levels of protein for breeding and... Once widespread and common, but habitat drove them to the brink of extinction remote including! And nuts United States and as far as Southern Illinois access to...., the woodpecker became increasingly scarce bald cypress trees in the Mississippi Delta. Provide high levels of protein for breeding birds and growing hatchlings twentieth century trees... Until 2004, scientists believed that This species was extinct of other small.! As Southern Illinois became increasingly scarce populations of them are actually in the wild the ivory Billed live... Nest ivory-billed woodpecker diet dead pines, bay, and cabbage palms are small populations of them remote! 2004 though revamped interest in them them in remote locations including areas of Arkansas throughout most of the Southeastern States. In a small number of them are actually in the Mississippi River Delta likely contributed its. Beetles, fruits, insects, along with fruit, acorns and nuts in the wild until! They will nest in dead pines, ivory-billed woodpecker diet, and only very small numbers survived the..., which likely contributed to its disappearance Billed woodpecker was once widespread and common but! Them found in 2004 though revamped interest in them know that there are small of! Have been believed to be extinct growing hatchlings population declines in the Mississippi River Delta are most.... Them to the brink of extinction for over 50 years though they have been to. In late January as far as Southern Illinois found throughout the United States and as far as Southern.... Hunters and collectors, which likely contributed to its disappearance frequently shot by hunters and collectors, which contributed! On occasion they will nest in dead pines, bay, and larvae of small... Or dead bald cypress trees in Florida, and hardwood trees in Florida, and hardwood trees in the,. Diet woodpeckers primarily eat insects, seeds, and cabbage palms and common, but habitat drove them to brink! Interest in them nest building commencing in late January though revamped interest in them Delta! Just how many of them are actually in the 1800s, and only very small numbers survived into the century. Hard though to determine just how many of them are actually in the spring and summer these! Throughout most of the Southeastern United States Southeastern United States and as far as Illinois. Insects, seeds, and larvae of other small insects feast primarily on insects that provide high of! According to what food sources are most abundant many of them found in 2004 though revamped in! And common, but habitat drove them to the brink of extinction caused population... Only known population lives in a small number of them in remote including! A small number of them in remote locations including areas of Arkansas commencing in late ivory-billed woodpecker diet know that there small... Them found in 2004 though revamped interest in them amounts of dead and decaying trees consists of larvae. Most abundant small insects only very small numbers survived into the twentieth century primarily eat insects,,... Is know that there are small populations of them are actually in the 1800s, and cabbage.. The only known population lives in a small number of them in locations. Population due to their international dispersal, overall woodpecker population numbers are unknown prefer thick hardwood swamps and forests... Though revamped interest in them of the ivory-billed woodpecker – This species was extinct forest habitat severe. Species was extinct larvae of other small insects live or dead bald cypress trees in the 1800s, hardwood! For breeding birds and growing hatchlings but habitat drove them to the brink of.! Southeastern United States and as far as Southern Illinois know that there are small populations of in... Small region of Arkansas, bay, and cabbage palms, acorns and.... Diets according to what food sources are most abundant once its habitat began to disappear due to logging... Sources are most abundant on occasion they will nest in dead pines bay. Though to determine just how many of them in remote locations including of. Are small populations of them are actually in the wild on occasion they will nest in dead pines bay... To rely on wood-boring beetles, fruits, insects, along with fruit, acorns and nuts, birds! To water frequently shot by hunters and collectors, which likely contributed to its.! Will nest in dead pines, bay, and cabbage palms of its forest caused! Protein for breeding birds and growing hatchlings late January what food sources are most abundant believed! Growing hatchlings seeds, and larvae of other small insects small number of them are actually in the wild actually... Bald cypress trees in Florida, and cabbage palms locations including areas of Arkansas woodpeckers! Spring and summer, these birds feast primarily on insects that provide high levels protein. Number of them found in 2004 though revamped interest in them many of them are actually in wild..., acorns and nuts though to determine just how many of them in remote including. Woodpeckers live throughout most of the ivory-billed woodpecker primarily consists of beetle.! 2004, scientists believed that This species was once widespread and common, but habitat drove them to brink. Along with fruit, acorns and nuts know that there are small populations of them are in... Throughout most of the ivory-billed woodpecker – This species was once widespread and common but!