Interestingly, Mill would actually say it would not be okay for this to happen. « Une personne peut nuire aux autres non seulement par ses actions, mais par son inaction, et dans tous les cas elle est responsable envers eux du dommage. Cummings' Free Verse Poetry: Analysis, Western Lowland Gorillas: Habitat & Adaptations, Alternative Teacher Certification in Maryland, Cognitive Learning Activities for the Classroom, How to Write a Personal Statement for Law School, Telling Time: Activities & Games for Kids, Tech and Engineering - Questions & Answers, Health and Medicine - Questions & Answers. Dans certains cas, ne pas intervenir revient à provoquer du tort. This lesson will cover John Stuart Mills' harm principle, which states that society does not have the right to prevent actions which only affect the individual performing them and nobody else. Mais on ne peut pas utiliser la contrainte pour le forcer un adulte à changer sa façon d'agir. Bien que Mill considère que les cas de nuisance par inaction soient des « exceptions » à son principe, et qu'il demande avant tout de ne pas nuire directement, les philosophes postérieurs considèrent généralement ces cas plutôt comme une « extension » du principe de non nuisance. The harm principle states that the only actions that can be prevented are ones that create harm. These are less serious and should not be prevented, because what may hurt one person's feelings may not hurt another's, and so offenses are not universal. credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. One such problem may be what to do with people who want to end their own life. La définition du tort (harm) et d'autrui (others) font l'objet de débats et plusieurs compréhensions du harm principle existent. John Stuart Mill was a British philosopher who lived during the first half of the 1800s. Ce principe veut que les hommes ne soient autorisés, individuellement ou collectivement, à entraver la liberté d'action de quiconque que pour assurer leur propre protection. first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. study Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community, one can do whatever one wants as long as his actions do no harm to others, people should do only things that bring the greatest amount of happiness to the greatest number of people, should be avoided or prevented if possible, no one is truly isolated from others, therefore, it is rare that harmful actions don't affect someone, must be arrested as their actions cause harm to others, is wrong since it would prevent one from doing good for society, Identify John Stuart Mill and name one of his essays, Identify the three ideas of the harm principle, Explain how the harm principle can be applied. Intervenir pour empêcher les autres d'agir n'est pas d'emblée légitime. Pour Mill, il est possible de nuire à autrui par son inaction. To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page. Contraindre ou punir quelqu'un … Harm is something that would injure the rights of someone else or set back important interests that benefit others. John Stuart Mill’s famous statement of the harm principle in his “Introductory” to On Liberty—pulled out of context and denuded of Mill’s sophisticated philosophical treatment—became a foundational reference of Anglo-American criminal law and helped shape the course of penal legislation, enforcement, and theory during the twentieth century. If a person's actions only affect himself, then society, which includes the government, should not be able to stop a person from doing what he wants. 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