This regimen was chosen based on previous cases since no specific guidelines exist on how to treat these organisms. Google Scholar. 0000013321 00000 n 0000328709 00000 n 2006 Jul;29(4):177–98. It can produce α-hemolysis on blood agar (BA). 0000326955 00000 n 0000331994 00000 n Complications of IE such as valve dehiscence or rupture, septic emboli, renal failure, shock, stroke and heart failure were reported in 50% (n = 12) of cases. 2006;52(1):e3–6. Part The other authors have no competing interests to declare. Date when document was last modified Lactococcus garvieae Endocarditis in a Prosthetic Aortic Valve: A Case Report and Literature Review. Indeed, a study by Wang et al. Alejandro De la Hoz 1985;6(2):183–195. Food Microbiol. Li W-K, Chen Y-S, Wann S-R, Liu Y-C, Tsai H-C. Lactococcus garvieae endocarditis with initial presentation of acute cerebral infarction in a healthy immunocompetent man. 2015;132(15):1435–86. [3], Several virulence experiments have been performed in order to determine the possible correlation between pathogenicity of L. garvieae in rainbow trout and the two antigenic profiles (KG- and KG+). There is currently no standard treatment protocol for Lactococcus infections; they are usually successfully managed by using protocols recommended for streptococcal infections. endobj internal 0000007231 00000 n A Summer Mortality Outbreak of Lactococcosis by. 0000328072 00000 n Three weeks later, he complained of generalized malaise. I am quite proud of our clinic's mastitis laboratory. nov. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 0000329452 00000 n [1], Lactococcus garvieae was first discovered in rainbow trout raised on a Japanese fish farm in the 1950s. ���*B!Y�L�%v��V��Lǐ�K5Qqv��eNi��L��R�25�T����\Y�������p��a�d�H�>���w���y�I�sr. We can culture hundreds of samples a week, including individual cow samples, bulk tank cultures, water sa Vancomycin plus gentamicin were started as empirical therapy and, subsequently, the combination of ceftriaxone plus gentamicin was used after susceptibility studies were available. 0000263856 00000 n BMC Cardiovasc Disord. An echocardiogram confirmed the diagnosis of IE. 0000328284 00000 n The most important predisposing factor is previous valvular disease. Landeloos E, Van Camp G, De Beenhouwer H. Lactococcus garviae prosthetic mitral valve endocarditis: a case report and literature review. Gibello A, Galán-Sánchez F, Blanco MM, Rodríguez-Iglesias M, Domínguez L, Fernández-Garayzábal JF. 0000012655 00000 n 0000331798 00000 n Google Scholar. 822 0 obj <>stream Different clinical presentations of subacute IE make it challenging to make an early diagnosis of infection and can cause delays in appropriate treatment.  |  [3], Water temperature affects the disease seasonally as the climate changes, specifically when the water temperature is over 18 °C (64 °F). CT angiography of the brain (5 weeks after the initial episode of intracranial bleed) showed encephalomalacia in the left parietal and occipital lobes with subacute to chronic haemorrhage, with no mycotic aneurysms. internal Case presentation: The patient was an 81-year-old male with a history of cardiovascular disease and a prosthetic biologic aortic valve. 2012;10(2):101–4. This site needs JavaScript to work properly. Navas ME, Hall G, El Bejjani D. A case of endocarditis caused by Lactococcus garvieae and suggested methods for identification. 0000278894 00000 n The most important predisposing factor in these patients appears to be the presence of previous valvular disease. A rare cause of infective endocarditis; Lactococcus garvieae. L. garvieae is associated with fish infections in warm water causing outbreaks of haemorrhagic sepsis in rainbow trout [2, 5]. 0000013267 00000 n <, BMC Infectious Diseases, 2019, doi:10.1186/s12879-019-3912-8, Lactococcus garvieae, an unusual pathogen in infective endocarditis: case report and review of the literature. J Inf Secur. These tests were conducted using rabbit antisera against representative strains with diverse origins and by Dot blot assays. Human infections caused by L. garvieae have been reported in different countries and have been associated to ingestion of raw seafood. Phage treatment of fish experimentally infected with Lactococcus garvieae. 2020 Jul 29;12(7):e9462. Clin Res Cardiol. By using this website, you agree to our 0000012351 00000 n 0000330772 00000 n 0000006540 00000 n internal 0000214256 00000 n An ORCID is a persistent identifier (a non-proprietary alphanumeric code) to uniquely identify scientific and other academic authors. internal L. garvieae is isolated in saltwater fish in the Far East and specifically in European Rainbow Trout. %���� Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. Arbortext Advanced Print Publisher 9.1.440/W Unicode 5��H��o�6�rq���.-����7:[�cs��뭥�Že)#�jV��\�޳w���ֱ��̊���m��Ψl������=�� 0000037678 00000 n 0000356257 00000 n California Privacy Statement, Alexandre Malek volume 19, Article number: 301 (2019) These include 25 cases of endocarditis and other infections like those related to peritoneal dialysis catheters, discitis, catheter associated UTI, post TURP infection, liver abscess in a patient with cholangiocarcinoma, AICD/Pacemaker related infections to name a few. [3], Macroscopic lesions in affected fish are typical of an acute systemic disease with strong congestion in the internal organs and different levels of hemorrhages in the swim bladder, intestine, liver, peritoneum, spleen and kidney. Watanabe Y, Naito T, Kikuchi K, Amari Y, Uehara Y, Isonuma H, et al. 0000342399 00000 n -. With these results, vancomycin was switched to ceftriaxone 2 g IV twice daily plus gentamicin as combination therapy for the first 2 weeks. 0000016416 00000 n 0000027614 00000 n internal The organism was recovered on blood agar and was identified by MALDI-TOF as Lactococcus garvieae. Habib G, Lancellotti P, Antunes MJ, Bongiorni MG, Casalta J-P, Del Zotti F, et al. 2 Three days after admission, blood cultures were positive for Gram-positive cocci in chains in 4 out of 4 bottles. Significant economic loss in aquaculture is suffered as a result of lactococcosis, as numerous freshwater and marine species of commercial interest are affected. Springer Nature.  |  0000016978 00000 n 0000329032 00000 n Keywords: Keywords: Lactococcus garvieae endocarditis in a native valve identified by MALDI-TOF MS and PCR-based 16s rRNA in Spain: a case report. Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. 0000018345 00000 n PDF/X ID Schema 0000011543 00000 n In English, we love to make new words by adding all sorts of bits to the front and back of existing terms. 0000327488 00000 n editorInfo 0000327965 00000 n -, Cavanagh D, Fitzgerald GF, McAuliffe O. Vendrell D, Balcázar JL, Ruiz-Zarzuela I, de Blas I, Gironés O, Múzquiz JL. Rösch RM, Buschmann K, Brendel L, Schwanz T, Vahl CF. 2017;39(16):130–1. Specifies the types of editor information: name and ORCID of an editor. 0000048213 00000 n 638 185 endstream 0 After several discussions, the stroke team agreed on resuming anticoagulation with heparin IV drip (considering that the patient had a “chronic” bleed without active haemorrhage and that the risk of embolism was high due to the presence of a mechanical heart valve and IE). 2009;169(5):463–73.