Another example of culture is found in language. However, in many instances, latent function might be irrelevant to the manifest functions. Functions that people are not aware of or don't come to mind straightaway and usually are not intended. On the other hand, the intended, conscious, or deliberate functions of the social policies or action which are created for the benefit of the society are called manifest functions. Filed Under: Introduction to sociology, Sociology Dictionary, Sociology Optional. Latent functions often go unnoticed, unless they are dysfunctions or functions resulting in negative outcomes. Log in here for access. We learn things at school that cannot be learned from a textbook or from someone explaining it to us. Latent function definition, any function of an institution or other social phenomenon that is unintentional and often unrecognized. As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 83,000 A latent function of the public education system is the development of a hierarchy of the learned. But due to various factors, cars can be involved in accidents that result in property damage, injuries, and even death. 1997. Functions that people believe are the obvious purposes of a social institution; those functions that are intended and that most people think about وظائف واضحة. On the contrary, the unintended function is the latent function, e.g. Now the scientific process is really about generating knowledge. - Benefits & Programs, Using Positive Discipline in the Classroom, Keeping & Using Parent-Teacher Communication Logs, Teaching Life Skills to High School Students, Teaching Leadership to High School Students, The Brothers Grimm: Biographies & Fairy Tales, Educational Psychology: Tutoring Solution, Biological and Biomedical The function can be explained as the result or consequence of people’s action. 7th ed. Similarly, an example of latent function can be that in a hospital the doctors while treating a patient suffering from a certain kind of incurable disease somehow saves the patient, thus, discovering a new method of treating that particular disease. Sociology Group: Sociology and Other Social Sciences Blog, Learn Sociology and Other Social Sciences. Devin has taught psychology and has a master's degree in clinical forensic psychology. What are some of the more recognized ones? Glasgow, Scotland: Collins. They tend to search for the social consequences that lead to the various practices of society. Similarly, an example of latent function can be that in a hospital the doctors while treating a patient suffering from a certain kind of incurable disease somehow saves the patient, thus, discovering a new method of treating that particular disease. Sociology. Dillon, Michele. - Definition & Characters, What is a Double Consonant? The manifest function of the police chase was to capture the criminal. ), The Secret Science of Solving Crossword Puzzles, Racist Phrases to Remove From Your Mental Lexicon. This distinction between the latent function and the manifest function is the reason sociologists tend to study beyond the reasons the individuals, institutions, etc normally offer for their actions. Thompson, William E., and Joseph V. Hickey. New York: Norton. Introduction to Sociology 2e. 'High school sweethearts,' 'college sweetheart,' and more terms describe the function of finding and meeting a future spouse or partner. 2012. The opposite of a latent function is a manifest function. Wikipedia contributors. Exploring Sociology: A Canadian Perspective. 2014. “latent function.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. war: Increases feelings of patriotism and jingoism; profiteering from manufacturing and infrastructure development. Education also provides an example of Merton's theory of manifest and latent functions. Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree, Manifest Functions in Sociology: Examples & Summary, Functions of School: Socialization, Cultural Transmission, Integration & Latent Functions, Sense of Self and Self-Socialization: The Development of Self-Views, Millennial Generation: Definition & Characteristics, Anticipatory Socialization: Definition & Examples, Robert K. Merton: Theories and Functionalism, Master Status in Sociology: Definition & Examples, Social Mobility Definition and Types: Intragenerational vs. Intergenerational & Vertical vs. Horizontal, Status Set in Sociology: Definition & Example, Intragenerational Mobility: Definition & Overview, Mechanical Solidarity: Definition & Examples, Unilateral vs. Tischler, Henry L. 2011. While religion is designed to educate or instruct, a latent function of both of these qualities is that they offer recreational and social opportunities. if the rule is made in order to maintain peace, but it harms the public, that harm will be the latent function. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth. To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member. Manifest functions are generally expected from the institutions to be fulfilled.