The granting of awards is laid out in detail in the Olympic protocols. The country which has won the most gold medals and most medals overall is Norway. Here are the 10 countries with the most Olympic medals: United States (2827 medals) … All-time medal table for table tennis in the Olympics 2018, by country; Number of medals won at the Olympic Summer Games by Italian athletes1896-2016 In the Olympic Games, highly talented athletes focus on winning multiple … The 1904 Olympic Games in St Louis, were the first at which gold, silver and bronze medals were awarded for first, second, and third place. Out of … There are three classes of medal: gold, awarded to the winner; silver, awarded to the runner-up; and bronze, awarded to the third place. With the exception of the medals for the 1956 equestrian events, the medals for the Games of the Olympiad became standardized starting in 1928. An Olympic medal is awarded to successful competitors at one of the Olympic Games.