It is in upper case to denote that the chord is a major chord. Non computer generated. More details of this interval are at G-perf-5th. Indeed, verses and choruses of the song are arranged entirely with two Phrygian sequences: Cm–D♭–A♭–Cm or i–II–VI–i Cm–E♭–D♭–A♭–Cm or i–III–II–VI–i The roman numeral for number 6 is 'VI' and is used to indicate this is the 6th triad chord in the mode. The table below shows the A phrygian mode, ordered to show the 4th note as the first column in the table. Triad chords are built using the 1st, 3rdand 5th notes of the mode, so the first triad below will constructed a chord using notes A, C and E. The second triad below will repeat this, but this time starting on the 2nd note, so its notes will be Bb, D and F - ie. We will return to this idea in detail in the next module on Jazz Scales. It is in upper case to denote that the chord is a major chord. And so the complete triad chord name prefixes the root note, D, onto this quality, giving us the D minor chord. Although the above method identifies each triads notes from the mode used - it does not identify the complete chord name including its quality. More details of this interval are at A-perf-5th. The note interval name for the 3rd note / scale degree is therefore major, also called M3 for short. And so the complete triad chord name prefixes the root note, E, onto this quality, giving us the E minor chord. More details of this interval are at A-min-3rd. The table below shows the A phrygian mode, ordered to show the 6th note as the first column in the table. The note interval name for the 3rd note / scale degree is therefore major, also called M3 for short. Finally, letter c could be used to indicate that it is C major chord in 2nd inversion - phrygian mode chord VIc. Finally, letter c could be used to indicate that it is D minor chord in 2nd inversion - A phrygian mode chord ivc. The benefit of this is that the ♭9 and ♭13 ARE BOTH available tensions over a V7 chord. To decide the name the chord quality, each step below will use note intervals to calculate how many half-tones / semitones / piano keys between the root and the 3rd (and 5th). Finally, letter c could be used to indicate that it is F major chord in 2nd inversion - phrygian mode chord IIc. Let’s look at the E Phrygian mode (3rd mode of C Major). The chord symbol III could be followed by the letter a to indicate that it is G major chord in root position (ie not inverted) - phrygian mode chord IIIa. Finally, letter c could be used to indicate that it is D minor chord in 2nd inversion - phrygian mode chord viic. To do this, the first column we used in this step, E, will be moved to the final column of the table. This chord progression is in the key of G Major and the Em7 chord is a vi chord. The audio files below play every note shown on the piano above, so middle C (marked with an orange line at the bottom) is the 2nd note heard. In place of the b or c symbols above, figured bass symbols could be used to indicate inversions after the chord number symbols III: So in this key, III6 refers to the G major chord in 1st inversion, and III64 refers to the G major chord in 2nd inversion. Keep in mind that just because a chord is derived FROM a particular key, does NOT mean you cannot use it IN a different key. If the above doesn’t make sense, don’t worry. The Solution below shows the phrygian mode triad chords (i, II, III, iv, vo, VI, vii) on a piano, with mp3 and midi audio. The next step will need to calculate the triad chord whose root / starting note is next mode note. Every white or black key could have a flat(b) or sharp(#) accidental name, depending on how that note is used. The triad chord will be built using only the notes of the mode we are interested in. Finally, letter c could be used to indicate that it is Bb major chord in 2nd inversion - A phrygian mode chord IIc. While all my lessons are free, if you find them useful please consider donating to help keep them coming. Looking at the Triad chord table, the name of the triad chord quality having minor(m3) and perfect(P5) note intervals is minor. Repeating this for the 5th note / scale degree, the distance between A and E is 7 half-tones, and the note interval name is perfect (P5).