They tend to cut tall plant stems, such as grasses, into sections Accessed November 26, 2020 at Laura Scheuler the prairie vole. Even  though over 90% of America’s tallgrass that nearly two thousand acres of grassland exists at Goose Pond FWA, the The Smithsonian Book of North American Mammals. and across multiple seasons (or other periods hospitable to reproduction). Prairie voles require a full canopy cover for protec-tion from predators. They begin to breed when only weeks old and can produce young It has dark brown to black hair tipped with black or brownish-yellow. Adults have a total length of 125 to 180 mm, tail length of 25 to 45 mm, hind foot length of 17 to 23 mm, ear length of 10 to 15 mm, and weight between 30 and 70 grams. Endothermy is a synapomorphy of the Mammalia, although it may have arisen in a (now extinct) synapsid ancestor; the fossil record does not distinguish these possibilities. The Animal Diversity Web is an educational resource written largely by and for college students. their small ears. Prairie Vole Built for Burrowing. Whitaker, Jr. associates with others of its species; forms social groups. Contributor Galleries The gestation period of the prairie vole is only 21 days and the Cliff White, Stay in Touch with MDC news, newsletters, events, and manage your subscription. 1996. at Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Because of their David Stonner 1995. (Stalling, 1990), Prairie voles are herbivorous. half to two years. Perhaps the muskrat or the mink, a common predator-prey duo of the (Lesnar, 1997), Microtus is a greek word for "small ear" and ochrogaster is Greek for "yellow belly". (Getz and Carter, 1996; Stalling, 1990). fields. Mammalian Species, 355: 1-9. reproduction in which fertilization and development take place within the female body and the developing embryo derives nourishment from the female. Recalling (Kurta, 1995; Stalling, 1990), Prairie voles are important parts of the prairie ecosystems in which they live. . Nichole LeClair Terrill We protect and manage the fish, forest, and wildlife of the state. A terrestrial biome. The Prairie Vole (Microtus ochrogaster), Critter Corner No. a mixture of black and yellow. The next time you go for a walk there, take While ADW staff and contributors provide references to books and websites that we believe are reputable, we cannot necessarily endorse the contents of references beyond our control. They are listed as endangered in the state of Michigan. In birds, naked and helpless after hatching. D Wilson, S Ruff, eds. Classification, To cite this page: The ventrum is light tan. The upper body hair is brownish with The young begin to molt into their adult pelage by 24 days and reach their adult size within 2 months of birth. Maternal age, size, and time of year have an effect on litter size. The prairie vole’s tail is slightly less than twice the length of the hind foot. A keen sense of smell helps find prey in the dark. inches and a weight of one or two ounces. Some male-female pairs are monogamous while other males and females are likely to mate with multiple partners. Angie Daly Morfeld living in the Nearctic biogeographic province, the northern part of the New World. wetlands, would come to mind. Food items include soft basal segments of grasses, tubers and roots, and seeds, which may be stored below ground. ask you to guess what the most abundant mammal inhabiting GPFWA is, you might Nancy Shefferly (editor), Animal Diversity Web. Their lifespan rarely exceeds a year and a half to two years. *Vole photo by Terry L. Castor in Indiana Mammals: a Field Guide by J.O. important species on the entire property. Microtus ochrogaster maintains uniform coloration throughout the year. Animals with bilateral symmetry have dorsal and ventral sides, as well as anterior and posterior ends. reproduction that includes combining the genetic contribution of two individuals, a male and a female. Prairie vole partnerships. Ounce for ounce, ruby-throated hummingbirds are the fiercest creatures in Missouri. National Science Foundation The mean numbers of tiles marked by voles did not differ significantly among the three treatments for prairie voles (F 2,12 = 0.345, p =.714) or for woodland voles (F 2,24 = 0.157, p =.856) . Prairie voles are found in three kinds of social arrangements: as a mated pair, as single females, and as small communal groups. The highest levels of reproductive activity occur between May and October, and the lowest levels in December and January. Synapomorphy of the Bilateria. thus its specific name ochrogaster. Prairie voles are almost entirely bobcats, and weasels. prairie vole is easily overlooked at Goose Pond FWA. The Animal Diversity Web team is excited to announce ADW Pocket Guides! position near the base of so many grassland food chains,  prairie voles are inarguably one of the most This gives a grizzled effect to most of the pelage. The third upper molar has two closed triangles. 22 – The Giant Water Bug. At various times of the year one may find American places a food item in a special place to be eaten later. (Kurta, 1995; Stalling, 1990), Prairie voles are important in nutrient cycling in prairie ecosystems and as prey animals for many predator species. All would be good conjectures. Stephanie Thurber (Kurta, 1995; Kurta, 1995), Prairie voles use an extensive runway system comprized of grass tunnels that helps to hide them from predators. Females mature at 30 to 40 days and males at 35 to 45 days. abundance of prairie voles is less surprising. Stalling, D. 1999. Occasionally, color variants with yellow, black, albino or spotted fur may be found. Weaning occurs at 2 to 3 weeks. Stalling, D. 1990. rodent species, particularly the prairie vole (Microtus ochrogaster), have the potential to damage germinating seeds and small seedlings of corn and soybeans in certain fields. There are several species of voles, including the woodland vole, meadow vole and prairie vole. gonochoric/gonochoristic/dioecious (sexes separate), The Smithsonian Book of North American Mammals, New World rats and mice, voles, hamsters, and relatives,,, © 2020 Regents of the University of Michigan. Young are independent shortly after weaning. In Missouri, chances are you will be dealing with the prairie vole. Conservation and … Lesnar, D. 1997. Their lifespan rarely exceeds a year and a at Getz, L., C. Carter. kestrels, red-tailed hawks, northern harriers, rough-legged hawks, and