Single and multi-crop farming are types of specialized farming. seeds, pesticides and machines are employed to increase productivity. Change ), What are some Characteristics of Pastoral Nomadism. (ii) Irrigation enables cultivation throughout the year; even the marginal lands are cultivated. By producing their crops on a larger scale, the farmers are capable of bulk production. People usually think the farmers in this system are poor. Mixed farming refers to mixing enterprises on a single farm, such as a dairy farm that also raises livestock. The major dry-farming areas of the world are: (a) Western parts of U.S.A. and Canada in N. America. (a) Farming method is comparatively cheaper than other methods. Ranching, dry and irrigated farming, mixed farming, single and multi-crop farming, diversified farming and specialized farming are all types of farming. (b) Soil is kept very loose by intense ploughing so that rain water can penetrate deeper. Dry Farming: Dry farming is widespread in areas where annual rainfall is as low as 50 cm or less and irrigation is not practicable. The excess amount of water in the wettest months are preserved in such a way that they can be provided to the agriculture fields during the dry months through systematic irriga­tion network. Soil in these areas remains fertile. Dry farming is an age-old practice in semiarid regions, sub-desert regions and dry interior plateau areas. The rain-fed plants— rice, jute, sugarcane etc. While farming is not as prevalent in many cultures as it was in decades past, there are still many different types of farms in full operation today. Major problems of irrigation farming are: 1. Single and multi-crop farming are types of specialized farming. The major objective of the farmer is to retain the scanty rain-water and optimize use of this water in scientific and best possible manner. It is a type of diversified farming that usually focuses on multiple crops or specialties that support one another. Image Guidelines 5. Irrigation Farming 3. What are some Common Practices of Dairy Farmers? To compensate this high cost of production, costly cereals like sugarcane and jute are produced. Dry Farming. —are preferred. (b) Farming begins at the onset of rainy season. Commercial Farming 3. Dry farming is an age-old practice in semiarid regions, sub-desert regions and dry interior plateau areas. ( Log Out /  The characteristic features of this type of farming are: (i) This system is costly as it requires construction of dams, canals etc. (iii) Due to heavy dependence on rainfall, only timely onset of rain ensures cultivation. TOS 7. Collective Farming 4. Subsistence farming. Types of farming 1. Content Guidelines 2. 3. The farming is outdoor and is seasonal, meaning farmers are exceptionally busy during the planting and harvesting seasons. Types Of Farming- Shifting Agriculture. Due to inadequate rainfall, all efforts are made to optimize the scanty available water utilization. Specialized farming can also refer to farms that only grow two to three crops in order to maximize profits. ( Log Out /  What Should They Know About Food and the Food Industry. (f) Because of water deficiency, only those crops are grown that require little water. Due to intensive irrigation, soil quality becomes depleted soon and soil erosion accelerates. Dry farming is widespread in areas where annual rainfall is as low as 50 cm or less and irrigation is not practicable. This is done by removing dried up trees, burning tree trunks, tree branches, and other weeds. Agricultural inputs like fertilizers, H.Y.V. It is a highly sensitive type of farming, as it used to be practiced during colonial and slavery periods. Specialized farming has some handicaps in that it is dependent upon a favorable market. Cooperative Farming. (c) Loose soil dust is usually sprayed over the field to protect evaporation and soil erosion from wind action. (d) Western Rajasthan and Central China, etc. Humid farming is practiced all over monsoon-Asia, Tropical Africa and Mediterra­nean regions. Having only a few types of crops can … (b) Plateau areas in interior Mexico in Central America. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Content Filtrations 6. Having only a few types of crops can backfire if the crops fail as well. (iii) Cultivation aims at both domestic and international market. Mostly tribal farmers used to practice this. (c) Types and characteristics of crops are governed by the amount of annual rainfall. By producing their crops on a larger scale, the farmers are capable of bulk production. Farming is usually done small landholding with simple farm tools. Disclaimer 9. Large dams are built across the vast mighty rivers like Ganga, Indus, Irrawaddy, Menam, Mekong, San-Joaquin which provide ample water in the drier parts of the year for irrigation purpose. (ii) Due to high rainfall, soil erosion accelerates and lowers soil fertility. Specialized farming has some handicaps in that it is dependent upon a favorable market. With subsistence farming, the farmer produces food for himself and his family. (iv) Farming is practiced intensively. Shifting Cultivation. 2. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. 3. Intensive irrigation increases salinity of soil, resulting in early infertility. Terracing, leveling, construction adjacent to the field and regular weeding are some of the measures that help to conserve soil moisture. Specialized farming can also refer to farms that only grow two to three crops in order to maximize profits. According to the nature and characteristic of rainfall, cropping pat­tern varies from one region to another. ), The Secret Science of Solving Crossword Puzzles, Racist Phrases to Remove From Your Mental Lexicon. What are the Key Similarities and Differences Between Pastoral Nomadism and Sedentary Pastoralism? Ranching is commonly practiced in Australia, Tibet and in the hillier regions of India. The densely populated regions of South-east Asian monsoon land—along with sub-tropical Asia and Africa—practice this type of agriculture system. Privacy Policy 8. The story of how agriculture was born Till about 10,000 B.C., people were nomadic (The people who have no permanent homes and continuously move from one place to another are called nomads). and What is a Milkshed? Is the Coronavirus Crisis Increasing America's Drug Overdoses? In this type of farming system, usually a small extent of forest land is cleared for growing crops. The Traditional System: ... tube wells can be installed and necessary buildings and roads on the farm can be built commercial economies of various types can be reaped. ( Log Out /  They were continuously moving in groups from place to place in search of food and shelter. The 3 main types of Subsistence Farms are: The 7 main types of Commercial Farms are: For more information on Pastoralism and Dairy Farming check out our other posts. Due to displacement of people, rehabilitation requires huge expenditure. (c) Lebanon, Israel, Egypt, Syria, Turkey and Palestine areas in Middle-East. (a) To conserve water, land is terraced in such a way that it cannot be washed away — the entire amount can be used for cultivation. Report a Violation, Short Essay on Irrigation Farming in India, Farming Types: 12 Major Types of Farming | Agriculture, Commercial Grain Farming: Location and Features. (h) As it is capital-intensive farming, all efforts are made to cultivate only valuable crops, so that cost-benefit ratio remains positive. Prohibited Content 3. The two main types of farming are Subsistence Farming and Commercial Farming. In addition, specializing can have a negative impact on the soil. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Copyright 10. Before publishing your articles on this site, please read the following pages: 1. Specialized farming that focuses on raising sheep, cattle or other animals, however, does not utilize public lands for grazing. Farming Type # 3. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Ranching is the practice of grazing animals on public lands and may also include raising livestock on public land. (i) Due to excessive rainfall, water-logging and flood create havoc and devastates the entire production.