This new system turned out to be quite beneficial for the Industrial Revolution. Why did the Industrial Revolution begin in Britain? It can be said that Britain was the only country that not only had the resources to industrialise, but also the ever growing necessity to industrialise, and this is why Britain became the industrial powerhouse of the 18th century. Property rights were strictly enforced, meaning that once a businessman owned something, whether it be a machine or an idea, that was theirs and could not be taken away. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Why was Industrial Revolution started in Britain? Furthermore, its subsequent applications paved the way for technological advancements such as the steam engine. French Revolution and Napoleonic wars kept the Europe engaged. 3Furthermore, the mines were located near the sea, which allowed Britain’s strong navy to carry the coal cheaply to the markets. Coal was an essential mineral to the Industrial Revolution, as it was a powerful fuel source, and it was readily available for the British Empire. Capitalism led to the emergence of Socialism and Marxism. 1  The form of government in Britain was known as a parliamentary monarchy. Coal, Steam and The Industrial Revolution. Charles Colville. Furthermore, factories did want to invest in steam engines, as the cost of labour in Britain was extremely high.6 This made the steam engine a staple in almost every factory. History behind the tradition of Bonfire Night. According to historian Joyce Applebee, capitalism is “an economic system that relies on investment in capital in machines and technology that are used to increase production of marketable goods.” Capitalism gave people the freedom to pursue wealth, within the boundaries of the law. This was in stark contrast to other countries at the time, where it was difficult to mine and expensive to transport. 5. How did it affect the lives of people in Europe? Coal deposits in Britain were shallow, making it easy to mine. Industrial revolution refers to the increased output of the machine made goods that started in England and soon spread to the other countries. After industrial revolution 2. Soon other European nations followed suit. 67,700, CBSE Class 10 Home Science Sample Question Paper 2021 (with Answers & Marking Scheme), CBSE Marking Scheme for Class 10 Home Science Sample Question Paper 2021 - Check Answers and Marks Distribution Scheme. Why did the Industrial Revolution begin in Britain? England: Birthplace of the Industrial Revolution Thanks in part to its damp climate, ideal for raising sheep, Britain had a long history of producing textiles like wool, linen and cotton. Posted by IASbaba Categories Uncategorized Date … b)  Due to the success of British mercantilism there was increased demand for British goods throughout the world. Your email address will not be published. Discuss the quality of life of the people there during the industrialization. Mirzapur 2: आज रिलीज़ होगी अमेज़न प्राइम की 'मिर्ज़ापुर 2', उससे पहले सुनिए 'मुन्ना त्रिपाठी' का रैप सॉन्ग, VIDEO - Nag Missile Final Trial : भारत ने नाग एंटी टैंक गाइडेड मिसाइल का सफलतापूर्वक किया अंतिम परीक्षण, भारतीय नौसेना की बढ़ी ताकत, बेड़े में शामिल हुआ 90 फीसद 'मेड इन इंडिया' INS कवरत्ती, दुर्गा पूजा उत्सव की शुरुआत पर बोले पीएम- आत्मनिर्भर भारत के संकल्प से सोनार बांग्ला के संकल्प को करना है पूरा, FREE Coronavirus Vaccine: बिहार में सबको मुफ्त मिलेगी कोरोना की वैक्‍सीन, वित्‍त मंत्री निर्मला सीतारमण ने की घोषणा, Bihar Election 2020: पटना के कांग्रेस मुख्यालय में इनकम टैक्स का छापा, 8.50 लाख रुपये बरामद, JIPMER Recruitment 2020, Walk in for 33 Senior Resident Posts, Salary Rs. 3. Germany also has its ‘Ruhr’ are Industrialized. Economic Impact: Profit making became the core of all economic activities. What factors led to the Industrial Revolution in Britain? Explain the factors responsible for the origin of ocean currents? 1. Heinemann Atlas: Fifth Edition. Your email address will not be published. How does it compare with that in India at present? Examine. Why did the industrial revolution first occur in England? However, Britain did run into a problem with its coal extraction; deeper mines were prone to flooding. Labour law and Child labour became relevant. Important factors are given below: Coal was much more powerful than timber, the resource used at the time. Britain had adequate capital which was accumulated through colonialism. England also boasted a highly successful finance system as bankers were willing to give loans in order to invest in the agricultural and manufacturing sectors. (2012) 9 Green, Coal, Steam and the Industrial Revolution. Why is this so? Required fields are marked *. The industrial revolution started in England because of following factors: Economic factors: a) Agriculture revolution- there was consolidation of land holdings, new agricultural equipments like iron and steel ploughshare were used. When and Why British first landed on Indian Territory. Parliament, a body of elected leaders, is what held the true power. Belgium was first to follow British footsteps. UPSC IAS 2020 Exam: Click here to get the Complete 30 Days Study Plan to score high in Prelims. But in the next 150 years, there was an explosion of new ideas and technological inventions that changed the way we work, live and play.1 This period of time was known as the Industrial Revolution, and it began in Britain. All of these factors combined together allowed Britain to be the centre for the Industrial Revolution, and to eventually become the world’s industrial superpower. Prior to the Industrial Revolution, England partook in more trade overseas than any other European nation, while securing their success through a powerful navy through which to protect their merchant ships. Discuss. It would have been difficult for the Constituent Assembly to complete its historic task of drafting the Constitution for Independent India in just three years but for the experience gained with the Government of India Act, 1935. Every revolution has some advantages and disadvantages. Britain was rich with natural resources. Iron and coal proved twin pillars of Industrial Revolution and Britain was lucky to have them in close proximity. By continuing to use our website, you agree to our. He created it to fix the problem of flooding mines. The states of Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand are reaching the limits of their ecological carrying capacity due to tourism. can send it to you via email. How Did the Industrial Revolution Change the Way…, Zuni Public School Dist. Discuss this statement in the backdrop of rural urban integration. c)  Proximity of iron and steel mines too provided necessary impetus because it saved the transportation cost. Before the 18th century, most people lived off of the land, as they had done so for many generations. Therefore Industrial Revolution had also some disadvantages which are given below: 1. In this article, we have discussed about the factors which were responsible for the Britain to become the epicentre of the Industrial Revolution and also discussed the impact of this revolution which is very useful for the competitive examinations like UPSC-prelims, SSC, State Services, NDA, CDS, and Railways etc. 8 An important aspect of capitalism was the fact that you had to compete with others. (2012) 6 Ibid 2. Please, specify your valid email address, Remember that this is just a sample essay and since it might not be original, we do not recommend to submit it. Social Impact: This Revolution supported the rise of new urban centres like Manchester but also indirectly helped in the emergence of terms like slums, nuclear family, urbanization, exploitation of women and children. An important thing to note is that the Industrial Revolution was born out of need; the need to compete with others and the need for cheap labour. However, The combination of Britain’s geographical luck, mineral wealth, political liberalisation and capitalism all combined to ensure that Britain would be the first country to successfully industrialise.